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Gatifloxacin and Breastfeeding

Animal studies on breastfeeding and gatifloxacin show that the drug does pass through breast milk when used orally. The same is likely to be true in humans. However, gatifloxacin is designed for use as an eye drop; thus, very little is actually expected to reach the breast milk. Because problems cannot be ruled out entirely, it is best to discuss this issue with your healthcare provider.

Is Gatifloxacin Safe for Breastfeeding Women?

Gatifloxacin (Zymar®, Zymaxid™) is a prescription antibiotic that is licensed to treat bacterial conjunctivitis (pink eye). It comes as an eye drop. It is unknown if gatifloxacin passes through breast milk. Therefore, if you are breastfeeding or plan to start, you should talk with your healthcare provider first.

Breastfeeding and Gatifloxacin: What Does the Research Say?

Gatifloxacin is known to pass through the breast milk of rats; however, no research has been done to see if it also passes through human breast milk. Based on the chemical properties of the medication, it is expected to do so after oral use (that is, when taken by mouth).
Gatifloxacin is only available as an eye drop, and very little of the medication (if any) is expected to reach the bloodstream after normal use. Therefore, it is unlikely that it would reach the breast milk or the nursing infant. However, because gatifloxacin has never been studied in breastfeeding women, it is unknown if this is truly the case.
To help reduce the amount of gatifloxacin that may reach the breast milk, use your finger to apply gentle pressure to the tear duct for at least one minute after applying it. Then wipe away any remaining medication with a tissue.

Talking With Your Healthcare Provider

You should discuss breastfeeding and gatifloxacin use with your healthcare provider. Each woman's situation is different, and you and your healthcare provider understand your situation best. After considering what you want and expect, as well as your current health situation, the two of you can make a shared decision that is right for you.
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Gatifloxacin Medication Information

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