Scoliosis is a medical condition that causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. There are three main types of this musculoskeletal disorder:
- Idiopathic scoliosis (there are no known causes)
- Nonstructural scoliosis (the spine is structurally normal and the curve is temporary)
- Structural scoliosis (the spine has a fixed curve).
Since scoliosis can run in families, a child who has a parent, brother, or sister with the disorder should be checked regularly by a healthcare provider. Various treatment options are available for the condition, including observation, surgery, and bracing. The treatment your healthcare provider recommends will be based on your age, the degree of the curve, and the type of scoliosis.
(Click Scoliosis to learn more about this condition, including details on which treatments have been proven to be effective -- and which ones haven't.)