Apgar Score: Your Newborn's First Test
Medical and nursing students are taught the following learning aid to help them remember the Apgar scoring system:
A: Appearance (color)P: Pulse (heart rate)
G: Grimace (reflex irritability)A: Activity (muscle tone)
As a result, many people think that the word "Apgar" is simply a learning aid, and very often all five letters are capitalized ("APGAR"). However, there is more to the story behind the Apgar score.
The Apgar score was developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar in the 1950s. Dr. Apgar was an obstetrical anesthesiologist, and her goal in creating the Apgar score was to develop a way to rapidly and consistently evaluate newborns in order to know which ones needed to be resuscitated. Among her many notable and outstanding achievements in her career, she is best remembered for creating the Apgar score, which is now used worldwide.