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Chickenpox (Varicella)

An infection caused by varicella-zoster virus, chickenpox is a potentially serious condition. After a chickenpox infection, the virus stays dormant in the body. It can reappear as shingles later in life. Chickenpox is quite contagious and causes a rash all over the body, along with flu-like symptoms. However, there is a vaccination available to help protect children from getting chickenpox.
 
Possible signs of chickenpox include:
 
  • Slight fever before a rash develops
  • A rash that usually starts on the body, face, and scalp and then spreads to the limbs
  • Small, red spots that develop into itchy fluid-filled blisters
  • Once the blisters break, the open sores crust over to form brown scabs.
 
Chickenpox is typically treated with oatmeal baths and skin cream to help alleviate itching, and nonprescription pain relievers (such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen) for treating the flu-like symptoms. Children are usually most contagious 12 to 24 hours before the rash appears. Once spots first appear, the child should not be allowed to go to school or childcare until the sores are all crusted over, which usually takes about five days after the blisters appear.
 

Common Cold

No one is immune to catching a cold at some point in their life, particularly children. Due to the numerous strains of viruses and germs, it is common for children to have at least one cold every year. Colds are especially common during the colder months, as cold air dries out the nasal passages, which makes it easier for viruses to thrive.
 
Some of the main symptoms of a cold include:
 
  • A runny nose
  • Coughing
  • Nasal congestion.
 
Colds may last from 7 to 14 days. However, they can also develop into other infections, such as an ear infection, upper respiratory infection, and even pneumonia. Some of the best treatment options include lots of rest and drinking plenty of fluids. Also, a humidifier can help to keep the air moist.
 
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