Sinus Infections in Children

Types of Sinusitis in Children

There are a couple of different types of sinusitis. Each type is based on how long symptoms last and what has caused the condition.
 
Different types of sinusitis include:
 
  • Acute sinusitis: Diagnosed when symptoms have lasted for fewer than four weeks. There are two different subtypes:
     
    • Acute viral sinusitis, which is caused by a virus
    • Acute bacterial sinusitis, which is caused by bacteria.
 
  • Subacute sinusitis: Symptoms lasting for 4 to 12 weeks.
     
  • Chronic sinusitis: Symptoms lasting 12 weeks or longer, despite medical treatment.
     
  • Recurrent sinusitis: More than three episodes of acute sinusitis separated by at least 10 days of no symptoms in a six-month period; or more than four episodes of acute sinusitis separated by at least 10 days of no symptoms in a 12-month period.
     

Risk Factors for Sinus Infections in Children

Because the nose and sinuses are connected, anything that causes swelling in the nose -- an infection, an allergic reaction, or another type of immune reaction -- can also affect the sinuses. This increases the risk for sinusitis.
 
A viral upper respiratory infection is the most common reason why a child gets a sinus infection. Other things that increase the risk for sinus infections in children include:
 
  • Allergies (hay fever, seasonal allergies, year-round allergies)
  • An obstruction in the nose, such as a polyp or deviated septum
  • Infection of the ear or throat
  • Irritants such as dry air, tobacco smoke, or chlorine
  • Certain medical conditions, including cystic fibrosis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and HIV/AIDS
  • Sudden changes in pressure, such as a descent in an airplane.
 
Children in daycare are also more likely to get sinus infections.
 
6 Quick Tips for Getting Kids to Take Medicine

Sinusitis (Sinus Infection) Information

Terms of Use
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
About eMedTV
Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2006-2014 Clinaero, Inc.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.